class FlashHelper(View $view, array $config = array())

New in version 2.7.0: in replacement of SessionHelper::flash()

FlashHelper provides a way to render flash messages that were set in $_SESSION by FlashComponent. FlashComponent and FlashHelper primarily use elements to render flash messages. Flash elements are found under the app/View/Elements/Flash directory. You’ll notice that CakePHP’s App template comes with two flash elements: success.ctp and error.ctp.

The FlashHelper replaces the flash() method on SessionHelper and should be used instead of that method.

Rendering Flash Messages

To render a flash message, you can simply use FlashHelper’s render() method:

<?php echo $this->Flash->render() ?>

By default, CakePHP uses a “flash” key for flash messages in a session. But, if you’ve specified a key when setting the flash message in FlashComponent, you can specify which flash key to render:

<?php echo $this->Flash->render('other') ?>

You can also override any of the options that were set in FlashComponent:

// In your Controller
$this->Flash->set('The user has been saved.', array(
    'element' => 'success'

// In your View: Will use great_success.ctp instead of success.ctp
<?php echo $this->Flash->render('flash', array(
    'element' => 'great_success'


By default, CakePHP does not escape the HTML in flash messages. If you are using any request or user data in your flash messages, you should escape it with h when formatting your messages.

New in version 2.10.0: Flash stacks messages as of 2.10.0. If you set multiple flash messages, when you call render(), each message will be rendered in its own element, in the order the messages were set.

For more information about the available array options, please refer to the FlashComponent section.